What is point of care testing

Point-of-care testing

what is point of care testing

Jan 31, Point of care (POC) testing is medical testing that is performed outside of a laboratory setting. POC testing is also known as bedside testing.

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Point-of-care testing POCT is the analysis of patient specimens outside the clinical laboratory, near or at the site of patient care, usually performed by clinical staff without laboratory training, although it also encompasses patient self-monitoring. It is able to provide a rapid result near the patient and which can be acted upon immediately. The key driver is the concept that clinical decision making may be delayed when samples are sent to the clinical laboratory. Balanced against this are considerations of increased costs for purchase and maintenance of equipment, staff training, connectivity to the laboratory information system LIS , quality control QC and external quality assurance EQA procedures, all required for accreditation under ISO The justification for POCT depends upon being able to demonstrate that a more timely result shorter turnaround times TATs is able to leverage a clinically important advantage in decision making compared with the central laboratory CL. In the four decades since POCT was adapted for the self-monitoring of blood glucose levels by subjects with diabetes, numerous new POCT methodologies have become available, enabling the clinician to receive results and initiate treatment more rapidly. However, these instruments are often operated by staff not trained in laboratory medicine and hence are prone to errors in the analytical phase as opposed to laboratory testing where the analytical phase has the least errors.

Leeds Pathology. What is Point of Care Testing? Point-of-care testing POCT is defined as medical testing at or near the site of patient care by specially trained healthcare professionals. These are tests which can be performed at the bedside and typically involve blood and urine testing. The goal of POCT is to collect the specimen and obtain accurate results in a very short period of time at or near the location of the patient. POCT is often accomplished through the use of transportable, portable, and handheld instruments e. Bench analysers are also available for blood gas, pH, electrolyte, metabolite and haemoglobin measurement.

The results of care are timely, and allow rapid treatment to the patient. The success of a potential shift from curative medicine, to predictive, personalized, and preemptive medicine could rely on the development of portable diagnostic and monitoring devices for point-of-care testing.
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Point of care POC testing is medical testing that is performed outside of a laboratory setting. POC testing is also known as bedside testing, near-patient testing, remote testing, mobile testing and rapid diagnostics. In general, the term can encompass any patient medical test that is given ad hoc and provides quick results. Most POC testing devices are handheld electronics or molecular collection tools. Common examples of POC test tools include blood glucose monitors, thermometers, home pregnancy tests and rapid strep tests.

POCT is broadly defined as diagnostic tests performed at the point of care in any healthcare institution. This broad definition is applicable in many contexts. The adaptable definitions in specific contexts are outlined below. The geographical context for POCT is based on the testing location, specifically, testing performed outside of the main or core laboratory where patient care takes place. There is no dedicated space for testing equipment.

Point-of-care testing POCT is used to refer to any patient testing that is done at, or near, the actual location of the patient. But how does software enable these testing capabilities, and are the results comparably applicable to the results in the lab? This article will not focus on that, or the regulatory perspective of the testing. It will focus more on the healthcare facility, physician and patient experience, and POCT outcomes. The major objectives for healthcare apply to any experience a patient has with their healthcare—whether it is in a hospital, clinic, physician office, at home, or in a laboratory. The objectives are focused on quality, accuracy, speed, cost, and outcome.

The pros and cons of point-of-care testing vs laboratory testing

Point-of-care testing POCT or bedside testing is defined as medical diagnostic testing at or near the point of care —that is, at the time and place of patient care. Point-of-care tests are simple medical tests that can be performed at the bedside. In many cases the simplicity was not achievable until technology developed not only to make a test possible at all but then also to mask its complexity.



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