What is a compression fracture

Compression fractures of the back

what is a compression fracture

Kyphoplasty: Treating Spinal Compression Fractures

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A compression fracture occurs when part of a vertebra, or bone in the spine, collapses. The bones of the spine have two main section. The vertebral arch is a ring-shaped section that forms the roof of the spinal canal and protects the spinal cord. You can feel the spinous process , a projection from this arch, when you press on the skin in the middle of your back. The vertebral body is the cylindrical shaped portion of the vertebral one that lies in front and provides the majority of structural support. In a compression fracture, the vertebral body collapses. The most common type of compression fracture is a wedge fracture, in which the front of the vertebral body collapses but the back does not, meaning that the bone assumes a wedge shape.

In a compression fracture of the spine, the drum-shaped part body of one or more back bones vertebrae collapses into itself and becomes squashed compressed into a wedge shape. In most people, compression fractures due to osteoporosis do not cause any symptoms, but when pain occurs, walking, standing, or sitting for a long time worsens the pain. Treatment can include braces, comfort measures, and sometimes injection of bone cement into the fractured bone. See also Overview of Fractures. In compression fractures, the drum-shaped part body of a back bone vertebra collapses into itself and becomes squashed compressed into a wedge shape. If several back bones fracture, the back may become rounded and bent.

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The bones that make up your spine vertebrae can weaken to the point that they crumple, which may result in back pain, lost height and a hunched posture. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit organization and proceeds from Web advertising help support our mission.



An Overview of Spinal Compression Fracture

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Compression Fracture

This website translates English to other languages using an automated tool. We cannot guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. A compression fracture is a type of fracture or break in your vertebrae. The vertebrae are the bones in your back that are stacked on top of each other to make your spine. Your spine supports your weight, allows you to move, and protects your spinal cord and the nerves that go from it to the rest of your body.

Vertibroplasty & Kyphoplasty: Vertebral Compression Fracture Treatment - DePuy Videos

Osteoporosis is the most common cause of this type of fracture. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile. In most cases, bone loses calcium and other minerals with age. Other causes may include:. Having many fractures of the vertebrae can lead to kyphosis. This is a hump-like curvature of the spine. Compression fractures due to osteoporosis may cause no symptoms at first.

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4 COMMENTS

  1. Marité P. says:

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  2. Vesna T. says:







  3. Magnolia B. says:

    Mar 10, Spinal compression fractures -- often caused by osteoporosis -- are a bigger problem than many people realize. WebMD tells you why.

  4. Rodnecala says:

    A compression fracture is a type of break in the bones in your back that stack up to form your spine. A compression fracture can cause back pain, limited.

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