What is a compression fracture
Compression fractures of the back
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A compression fracture occurs when part of a vertebra, or bone in the spine, collapses. The bones of the spine have two main section. The vertebral arch is a ring-shaped section that forms the roof of the spinal canal and protects the spinal cord. You can feel the spinous process , a projection from this arch, when you press on the skin in the middle of your back. The vertebral body is the cylindrical shaped portion of the vertebral one that lies in front and provides the majority of structural support. In a compression fracture, the vertebral body collapses. The most common type of compression fracture is a wedge fracture, in which the front of the vertebral body collapses but the back does not, meaning that the bone assumes a wedge shape.
In a compression fracture of the spine, the drum-shaped part body of one or more back bones vertebrae collapses into itself and becomes squashed compressed into a wedge shape. In most people, compression fractures due to osteoporosis do not cause any symptoms, but when pain occurs, walking, standing, or sitting for a long time worsens the pain. Treatment can include braces, comfort measures, and sometimes injection of bone cement into the fractured bone. See also Overview of Fractures. In compression fractures, the drum-shaped part body of a back bone vertebra collapses into itself and becomes squashed compressed into a wedge shape. If several back bones fracture, the back may become rounded and bent.
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An Overview of Spinal Compression Fracture
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This website translates English to other languages using an automated tool. We cannot guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. A compression fracture is a type of fracture or break in your vertebrae. The vertebrae are the bones in your back that are stacked on top of each other to make your spine. Your spine supports your weight, allows you to move, and protects your spinal cord and the nerves that go from it to the rest of your body.
Vertibroplasty & Kyphoplasty: Vertebral Compression Fracture Treatment - DePuy Videos
Osteoporosis is the most common cause of this type of fracture. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile. In most cases, bone loses calcium and other minerals with age. Other causes may include:. Having many fractures of the vertebrae can lead to kyphosis. This is a hump-like curvature of the spine. Compression fractures due to osteoporosis may cause no symptoms at first.