Did bill c 16 pass

Today, trans Canadians celebrate Bill C-16. Tomorrow, the work begins for us all

did bill c 16 pass

An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code (Bill C- 16, ) is a were already contained in the prohibition on discrimination based on sexual orientation; and did not pose any risk to freedom of expression.

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The subject who is truly loyal to the Chief Magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures. Brenda Cossman is a professor of law and director of the Mark S. The passage of Bill C, which adds protection of gender identity and expression to the Canadian Human Rights Code and the Criminal Code, is a huge step forward towards a right for gender self-determination. This is a historic moment. The new law, passed in the Senate on Thursday, prohibits discrimination against trans and gender non-binary individuals, and includes them within the protections provided by the hate-speech and hate-crime provisions of the criminal law. With the enactment of Bill C, the federal government finally joins the provinces and territories that have amended their human rights codes to recognize and protect gender diversity.

Psychology Professor Jordan Peterson has made headlines the last two weeks, claiming that the Bill before the federal House of Commons is an unprecedented attack on free speech. In a rally at the University of Toronto last week, he went so far as to say that the bill is the most serious infringement of freedom of speech ever in Canada. This will prevent the federal government and businesses within federal jurisdiction — like banks — from discriminating on the basis of gender identity and gender expression. The federal government is late to this game — most of the provinces and territories already include gender identity and gender expression in their provincial Human Rights Codes. In the Northwest Territories were the first government in the Canada to explicitly prohibit discrimination against trans people by including gender identity in their Human Rights Code. In , Manitoba added gender identity to their human rights legislation.

What is Gender? Gender is a system that operates in a social context to classify people, often based on their assigned sex. What is Gender Identity? Since gender identity is internal, is not necessarily visible to others. What is Gender Expression? The ways in which gender is expressed are culturally specific and may change over time. A Brief History Previously known as Bill C, the Gender Identity Bill was created with the aim to provide human rights protections for transgender and gender diverse people in Canada.

A federal bill passed last June that prohibits discrimination based on gender identity or expression had been hotly contested by critics who called it a drastic restriction on free speech rights. Now, just five months after it became law, Bill C has its first big controversy — and it shows how the legislation is being misinterpreted in practice. Lindsay Shepherd, a year-old teaching assistant in communication studies at Wilfrid Laurier University, was disciplined this month by faculty for showing first-year students clips from a debate on pronouns and gender. The bill also added the targeting of gender identity and expression as an aggravating factor in sentencing. C added gender identity and expression as grounds for discrimination under the Canadian Human Rights Act, but this applies to people employed by or receiving services from federally-regulated industries, such as banks or the public service. In other words, not a university. A workplace, housing or service provider covered by the provincial code could be forced to pay a fine or change their practices if found to be discriminating on the matter of gender identity or expression.

This is from the published bill. The Library of Parliament often publishes better independent summaries. This enactment amends the Canadian Human Rights Act to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination. The enactment also amends the Criminal Code to extend the protection against hate propaganda set out in that Act to any section of the public that is distinguished by gender identity or expression and to clearly set out that evidence that an offence was motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on gender identity or expression constitutes an aggravating circumstance that a court must take into consideration when it imposes a sentence. You can also read the full text of the bill. See context Liberal.



What the Wilfrid Laurier professors got wrong about Bill C-16 and gender identity discrimination

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The law adds gender expression and gender identity as protected grounds to the Canadian Human Rights Act , and also to the Criminal Code provisions dealing with hate propaganda, incitement to genocide, and aggravating factors in sentencing. The bill was introduced by Justin Trudeau 's Liberal government on 17 May The bill is intended to protect individuals from discrimination within the sphere of federal jurisdiction and from being the targets of hate propaganda, as a consequence of their gender identity or their gender expression. The bill adds "gender identity or expression" to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination in the Canadian Human Rights Act and the list of characteristics of identifiable groups protected from hate propaganda in the Criminal Code. It also adds that evidence that an offence was motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on a person's gender identity or expression constitutes an aggravating circumstance for a court to consider when imposing a criminal sentence.

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Canada law forces parents to accept child's chosen gender

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