How can you determine the height of clouds from space

how can you determine the height of clouds from space

How is the height of a cloud base determined?

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Some features of this site are not compatible with your browser. Install Opera Mini to better experience this site. Weather experts monitor clouds with the help of satellite data, and they use cloud height and motion data to calculate wind speed and height. Although these calculations have proven useful in predicting the path and severity of developing storms, existing satellite instruments are limited in their coverage of vast ocean expanses and higher latitude regions, the common birthplaces of many storms. Currently, the cloud motion data used to derive wind measurements are observed from geostationary satellites.

At the upper reaches of the troposphere you'll find high clouds, which, depending on geographic location, occur between roughly 10, and.
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In meteorology , a cloud is an aerosol consisting of a visible mass of minute liquid droplets , frozen crystals , or other particles suspended in the atmosphere of a planetary body or similar space. On Earth , clouds are formed as a result of saturation of the air when it is cooled to its dew point , or when it gains sufficient moisture usually in the form of water vapor from an adjacent source to raise the dew point to the ambient temperature. They are seen in the Earth's homosphere which includes the troposphere , stratosphere , and mesosphere. Nephology is the science of clouds, which is undertaken in the cloud physics branch of meteorology. The two methods of naming clouds in their respective layers of the atmosphere are Latin and common. Cloud types in the troposphere, the atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface, have Latin names due to the universal adaptation of Luke Howard 's nomenclature.

Your browser or your browser's settings are not supported. To get the best experience possible, please download a compatible browser. If you know your browser is up to date, you should check to ensure that javascript is enabled. Crisscrossing the globe at nearly 17, miles per hour, this new space mission is providing data with unprecedented accuracy on the critical third dimension of the Earth, its vertical characteristics. The Geoscience Laser Altimeter System GLAS instrument on ICESat sends short pulses of green and infrared light though the sky 40 times a second, all over the globe, and collects the reflected laser light in a one-meter telescope. The elevation of the Earth's surface and the heights of clouds and aerosols in the atmosphere are calculated from both precise measurements of the travel time of the laser pulses, and ancillary measurements of the satellite's orbit and instrument orientation.



High clouds include cirrus , cirrocumulus , and cirrostratus clouds. These clouds are made up of either ice or water droplets, but they are usually made up of ice crystals. Water clouds tend to have sharp edges, and ice clouds are more wispy.

All rights reserved. From giant puffs billowing toward the sun to thin wisps slinking past the moon, clouds come in countless shapes and sizes. Aside from sparking creativity, clouds serve several important scientific purposes, from helping meteorologists predict the weather to facilitating life on Earth. The building blocks of clouds are water and particles of dust, dirt, or sea saltknown as cloud condensation nuclei. These nuclei are everywhere in the atmosphere. They attract water vapor and as they ascend the vapor condenses to form liquid water or ice, which results in the formation of tiny globules called cloud droplets. Much smaller than raindrops, cloud droplets are extremely light and amass while they float , mixing with air to form the fluffy formations we see suspended in the sky.

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