How is sperm produced and released

How Is Sperm Produced?

how is sperm produced and released

A man's reproductive system is specifically designed to produce, store, and transport sperm. Unlike the female genitalia, the male reproductive.

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In simple terms, reproduction is the process by which organisms create descendants. This miracle is a characteristic that all living things have in common and sets them apart from nonliving things. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, it is not essential to keeping an individual alive. In human reproduction, two kinds of sex cells or gametes are involved. Sperm, the male gamete, and a secondary oocyte along with first polar body and corona radiata , the male gamete must meet in the female reproductive system to create a new individual. For reproduction to occur, both the female and male reproductive systems are essential.

The key male reproductive organs include the testes, epididymis, urethra, vas deferens, prostate gland, seminal vesicle, and penis.
naked women with big nipples

Sperm is the male reproductive cell. In the types of sexual reproduction known as anisogamy and its subtype oogamy , there is a marked difference in the size of the gametes with the smaller one being termed the "male" or sperm cell. A uniflagellar sperm cell that is motile is referred to as a spermatozoon , whereas a non-motile sperm cell is referred to as a spermatium. Sperm cells cannot divide and have a limited life span, but after fusion with egg cells during fertilization, a new organism begins developing, starting as a totipotent zygote. The human sperm cell is haploid , so that its 23 chromosomes can join the 23 chromosomes of the female egg to form a diploid cell.

Unlike a woman who will have around mature eggs throughout a lifetime, which can be released from the follicles in the ovaries and potentially be fertilized, a healthy man will produce billions of sperm in his entire lifetime. All the sperm production and maturation take place in the lumen of the seminiferous tubules of the testis as shown in figure 1. Within the walls of these tubules the sperm cells are produced and matures. Also, in the tubes, there are many different cells of which the most important is the Sertoli cells. These cells function to support and nourish the immature sperm cells by giving them nutrients and blood products. Once the sperm cells are mature, they are transported to the Epididymis and later into Ductus deferens for temporary storage and where they here undergo another maturation process necessary for them to acquire the ability to be motile swim.

Every sperm is great. In fact, the average male will produce roughly billion sperm cells over a lifetime and shed at least one billion of them per month. A healthy adult male can release between 40 million and 1. In contrast, women are born with an average 2 million egg follicles, the reproductive structures that give rise to eggs. By puberty, a majority of those follicles close up and only about will ever release mature eggs for fertilization.



Sperm release pathway

Pathway of The Sperm Through The "Male Reproductive System"

Human Physiology/The male reproductive system

Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive. In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes GAH-meetz , are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female's reproductive system. When sperm fertilizes meets an egg, this fertilized egg is called a zygote ZYE-goat.

Ejaculation , the release of sperm cells and seminal plasma from the male reproductive system. Ejaculation takes place in two phases: in the first, or emission, stage, sperm are moved from the testes and the epididymis where the sperm are stored to the beginning of the urethra , a hollow tube running through the penis that transports either sperm or urine; in the second stage, ejaculation proper, the semen is moved through the urethra and expelled from the body. Sperm cells that are stored in the male body are not capable of self-movement because of the acidity of the accompanying fluids. When the sperm receive fluids, called seminal plasma , from the various internal accessory organs prostate gland , ejaculatory ducts , seminal vesicles , and bulbourethral glands , the acidity decreases. As they leave the body, the sperm receive oxygen , which is vital to motility. Unable to leave the male body by their own motivation, the sperm cells are transported by muscular contractions.

Unlike the female genitalia , the male reproductive organs are on both the interior and the exterior of the pelvic cavity. They include:.,

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2 COMMENTS

  1. Melissa W. says:

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  2. Carola M. says:

    Sperm production is hormonally driven.

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