Treaty that ended the french and indian war

Native History: French and Indian War Ends With Treaty of Paris

treaty that ended the french and indian war

What Was the French and Indian War? - History

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The treaty did not involve Prussia and Austria as they signed a separate agreement, the Treaty of Hubertusburg, five days later. In the treaty, most of these territories were restored to their original owners, although Britain made considerable gains. France and Spain restored all their conquests to Britain and Portugal. In addition, while France regained its trading posts in India, France recognized British clients as the rulers of key Indian native states and pledged not to send troops to Bengal. Britain agreed to demolish its fortifications in British Honduras now Belize , but retained a logwood-cutting colony there. Although the Protestant British feared Roman Catholics, Great Britain did not want to antagonize France through expulsion or forced conversion.

The French and Indian War pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France , each side supported by military units from the parent country and by American Indian allies. At the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60, settlers, compared with 2 million in the British colonies. The European nations declared a wider war upon one another overseas in , two years into the French and Indian war, and some view the French and Indian War as being merely the American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 63; however, the French and Indian War is viewed in the United States as a singular conflict which was not associated with any European war.
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The British shocked knowledgeable people of the day by choosing to take the barren wasteland of Canada from France, rather than the prosperous West Indian sugar islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique. Britain made many gains, but they could have received more. The king replaced him and pushed peace negotiations, preferring to give back recently taken territories in order to conclude the conflict. The following partial summary gives an indication of the worldwide scope of the changes brought by these treaties:. North America.

In the terms of the treaty, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there. During the war, British forces had scored important overseas victories against France: not only had the British conquered French Canada, they also won victories in India, and captured French island colonies in the Caribbean. The British Government was also interested in ending the war. Initial attempts at negotiating a peace settlement failed, and instead French and Spanish diplomats signed the Family Compact, a treaty that brought Spain into the war against Britain. Bute promised fairly generous terms, and the two countries agreed to an exchange of ambassadors in September.

It was signed in Paris on Feb. The French, moreover, evacuated Hanover, Hesse, and Brunswick. A vociferous section of the British public, however, would have preferred to retain the lucrative West Indian islands or to retrocede Canada instead. Treaty of Paris. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.



The Treaty of Paris

France vs Britain - The Seven Years War

The French and Indian War ends

In , the British formally declared war against France. In the first year of the war, the British suffered a series of defeats at the hands of the French and their broad network of Native American alliances. However, in , British Prime Minister William Pitt the older recognized the potential of imperial expansion that would come out of victory against the French and borrowed heavily to fund an expanded war effort. In addition, Spanish attempts to aid France in the Americas had failed, and France also suffered defeats against British forces in India. The treaty ensured the colonial and maritime supremacy of Britain and strengthened the 13 American colonies by removing their European rivals to the north and the south.

In the early s, France's expansion into the Ohio River valley repeatedly brought the country into armed conflict with the British colonies. In , the British formally declared war against France. In the first year of the war, the British suffered a series of defeats at the hands of the French and their broad network of Native American alliances. However, in , British Prime Minister William Pitt the older recognized the potential of imperial expansion that would come out of victory against the French and borrowed heavily to fund an expanded war effort. Pitt financed Prussia's struggle against France and her allies in Europe and reimbursed the colonies for the raising of armies in North America.

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1 COMMENTS

  1. Lomeadpaivi says:

    This Date in Native History: On February 10, , the French and Indian War ended, giving the British continued opportunities to fail their promises and further their attempts to remove Natives from the East coast.

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