Battle of gettysburg and vicksburg

Battle of Gettysburg

battle of gettysburg and vicksburg

The Battle of Gettysburg, fought over three hot summer days, from July troops from Vicksburg, where the Confederates were under siege, Lee.

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The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point. Robert E. After his success at Chancellorsville in Virginia in May , Lee led his army through the Shenandoah Valley to begin his second invasion of the North—the Gettysburg Campaign. With his army in high spirits, Lee intended to shift the focus of the summer campaign from war-ravaged northern Virginia and hoped to influence Northern politicians to give up their prosecution of the war by penetrating as far as Harrisburg, Pennsylvania , or even Philadelphia. Prodded by President Abraham Lincoln , Maj. Joseph Hooker moved his army in pursuit, but was relieved of command just three days before the battle and replaced by Meade. Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, , as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it.

Making history: Grant and Lee. I n the summer of , the Union and the Confederacy stood at a crossroads. For each side, victory would hinge on how well the two premier commanders, Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee, performed. If Grant could capture the Confederate fortress of Vicksburg, the Confederacy would lose control of the Mississippi River and be cut in half — a crippling strategic blow to the Confederacy and its hopes for independence. If Lee could win a decisive victory against the Army of the Potomac on Northern soil, Union morale might collapse and open the way for European recognition of an independent Confederate States of America.

July 3, 1863: Union Army Wins Battle of Gettysburg, Confederates Surrender in Vicksburg, Miss.

When did war cease to be decisive? In his old age, Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington, expressed a preference for Waterloo over all his other battles because it brought peace to the world.



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  2. Zaida U. says:

    Meade, at the crossroads town of Gettysburg.

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