How to change rack and pinion

How to Install a Rack-and-Pinion Steering

how to change rack and pinion

Rack and pinion wear can negatively impact steering control as you drive. Advance Auto Parts walks you through rack and pinion repair.

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While most of us take it for granted, the power steering system is a critical component of your vehicle. Eventually, the parts that comprise the steering system will wear out. External components, such as the tie rod ends and links wear out much faster than the internal components, so you will experience servicing those parts regularly. When you do have to service the internal system, it must be done right. The most common failure is a broken line. This is easily replaced at no detriment to the rest of the system.

Removing and reinstalling a rack-and-pinion steering system is the same procedure for most vehicles. The only difference is the way it is removed from the frame. In some vehicles, you must lower the subframe to take the system out, while steering racks on other vehicles are located below the frame, and the subframe does not need to be altered. Follow these directions for cars with a steering rack located below the subframe. Set the front tires forward using the steering wheel and lock the steering in place to keep the tires in alignment.

It's a crisp morning as you carefully back your car down the driveway. A quick turn of the wheel as the front tire clears the curb will swing your car up the street. But the steering wheel is strangely stiff. Instead of swinging the car's nose around, you run straight back, knocking over a trash can across the street. Maybe the belt just slips until it warms up. The steering feels fine now-no groans and plenty of power steering boost. If the belt is 4 years old or more, go ahead and change it because it's due anyway.

How to Repair a Rack and Pinion Leak

In general, rack and pinion replacement costs less than it would to repair it. Repair requires a significant time investment, meaning your labor costs are likely to be far higher. The complexity of the repair also means that a full replacement tends to be a safer and more reliable option.

Replacing A Steering Rack

Replacing a power steering rack can be a difficult and challenging job. You turn the steering wheel to go down the street, and the wheel is extremely stiff. You open the hood and look for an obvious problem. The power steering belt is still there, and the power steering is full. The power steering fluid is black as night, but it is full. So you put a new one on. A few days later it happens again.

How to Replace a Power Steering Rack

Performing a rack and pinion replacement on your vehicle, especially after a long winter, is a project that can be done in your own garage. The rack and pinion assembly is an essential part of your steering. When this leaks, or starts to fail, it can make controlling your vehicle much harder and unsafe. If your rack and pinion is in need of replacement, then you can do this yourself, but there are some things to keep in mind. Here are a few replacement tips for your rack and pinion. Working under your vehicle is something that many people are hesitant to do. Anytime that you are going to be working under the vehicle you should make sure that it is secure.

Overhauling a power rack is not a job for the novice. Special tools are required to remove and install internal seals. The tools are expensive and may not be cost justified for a shop that only does an occasional rack. For a do-it-yourselfer, the tools could end up costing as much as a new or remanufactured rack. It is tricky to get seals properly positioned.



  1. Ruyan S. says:

    Advance Auto Parts - Down for Maintenance

  2. Émile H. says:

    Follow this step-by-step guide for the difficult but money-saving task of replacing a power steering rack yourself, depending on the vehicle.

  3. Yukixie says:

    Rack and Pinion Leak – How To Repair It | BlueDevil Products

  4. Rode G. says:

    Watch Next

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