Opium war causes and effects

Did British Merchants Cause the Opium War?

opium war causes and effects

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The war had a name even before its first shot. The historiography of the war is similarly divided among varied lines. A wide array of scholars have placed a central focus on the role of opium, while some prefer to see the war in the context of imperial and economic expansion. By narrowing his focus towards the production of knowledge, Chen also elevates the importance of language. Chen is right to criticize one-dimensional depictions of the Opium War, but by so minutely focussing on the role of lobby groups and by arguing that they were the decisive cause of the conflict, he loses sight of the wider historical canvas.

Opium Trade in China. Tensions Emerge. First Opium War. Second Opium War. Lasting Effects. Works Cited. The economic, social, and political effects of the Opium Wars can still be seen today.

An example would be if a British man committed crime in China, he wouldn't be arrested but sent to Britain, where the man will be judged. What effect did the Opium Wars have on China? Feb 14, Answer: The Opium Wars ended with China losing money and a colony. Explanation: color blue underline "The First Opium War" " " "1. Details" Britain transported Opium to China however, the emperor of China disliked the fact people of his country were using Opium so he ordered his men to burn the at least 20, barrels of Opium transported.

What effect did the Opium Wars have on China?

Causes and Effects of the Opium Wars

The First Opium War (1838-1842)

United Kingdom. During the Mughal Empire 17th and 18th centuries, the demand for Chinese goods particularly silk, porcelain, and tea in Europe created a trade imbalance between Qing Imperial China and Great Britain. European silver flowed into China through the Canton System , which confined incoming foreign trade to the southern port city of Canton. To counter this imbalance, the British East India Company began to grow opium in Bengal present day Bangladesh , and smuggled it into China illegally. The influx of narcotics reversed the Chinese trade surplus , drained the economy of silver, and increased the numbers of opium addicts inside the country, outcomes that seriously worried Chinese officials. In , the Daoguang Emperor , rejecting proposals to legalize and tax opium, appointed viceroy Lin Zexu to go to Canton to halt the opium trade completely. Then Lin resorted to using force in the western merchants' enclave.

In the middle of the 19th century, the rising British Empire and the waning Chinese Empire went to war over drug addiction. In a sense, the two powerful countries took turns as drug pusher and addict. At first, the British were addicted to stimulating Chinese tea, which resulted in a trade imbalance because the Chinese bought few European products and demanded silver or gold in return. Because of this wealth sucking trade deficit, British merchants looked in vain for many years for some commodity that the Chinese would buy, until they finally found their answer in Indian opium from the province of Bengal. By the middle of the 19th century, thanks to Chinese addiction to Indian opium, silver flowed in surplus back to Britain. This greatly increased British prosperity and helped pay for the cost of running the colony of India. In short, much of British imperial success in the 19th century was based on hooking more and more Chinese to an extremely dangerous and addictive recreational drug.

It is the second major war in the Opium Wars , fought over issues relating to the exportation of opium to China, and resulted in a second defeat for the Qing dynasty. The terms "Second War" and "Arrow War" are both used in literature. The war followed on from the First Opium War. In , the Treaty of Nanjing the first of what the Chinese later called the unequal treaties granted an indemnity and extraterritoriality to Britain, the opening of five treaty ports , and the cession of Hong Kong Island. The failure of the treaty to satisfy British goals of improved trade and diplomatic relations led to the Second Opium War



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