Describe the difference between the hutus and tutsis in rwanda

Difference Between Hutu and Tutsi

describe the difference between the hutus and tutsis in rwanda

The antagonism between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda and Burundi is not a tribal conflict. It is not, properly speaking, an ethnic conflict.

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The origins of the Tutsi and Hutu people is a major issue in the histories of Rwanda and Burundi , as well as the Great Lakes region of Africa. The relationship between the two modern populations is thus, in many ways, derived from the perceived origins and claim to "Rwandan-ness". The largest conflicts related to this question were the Rwandan genocide , the Burundian genocide , and the First and Second Congo Wars. Ugandan scholar Mahmoud Mamdani identifies at least four distinct foundations for studies that support the "distinct difference between Hutu and Tutsi" school of thought: phenotype , genotype , cultural memory of inhabitants of Rwanda, archeology , and linguistics. Most Tutsis and Hutus carry the E1b1a paternal haplogroup, which is common among Bantu populations. More recent studies have de-emphasized physical appearance, such as height and nose width, in favor of examining blood factors, the presence of the sickle cell trait , lactose intolerance in adults, and other genotype expressions. Excoffier et al.

Generally speaking, Hutus were an agricultural people who lived in large family groups. The Tutsis, also known as Watutsis, were a nomadic people who began arriving in the Great Lakes region from Ethiopia some four hundred years ago. Eventually, the Tutsis settled amongst the Hutus adopting their language, beliefs and customs. But economic differences between the groups soon began to form. The Tutsis as cattle-herders were often in a position of economic dominance to the soil-tilling Hutus.

Hutu vs Tutsi The ethnic history of Rwanda is very complicated. Rwanda has witnessed several social structures. Tutsi was a thriving aristocracy in Rwanda many years ago. Hutus were wealthy class of people and resembled the aristocrat Tutsi class. Germans while making a census of the Rwanda- Burundi area found that a Tutsi has more than ten cows in his possession and the stunning feature of their face was a long nose. The availability of long nose in Africa was a matter of research and concluded that people came from Ethiopia, which had European descendants. With the arrival of catholic missions in the African great lake Region, there was a resistance from Tutsi community against conversion.

All rights reserved. The Tutsis were the victims of genocide, and the Hutus were the perpetrators. So you get off the plane and immediately start trying to figure out who is who. Am I talking to someone who lost his family, or someone who wiped one out? Hutus have broad noses someone told you that , except when they have narrow noses.



Origins of Hutu, Tutsi and Twa

The Heart of the Hutu-Tutsi Conflict

The antagonism between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda and Burundi is not a tribal conflict. It is not, properly speaking, an ethnic conflict. By all the most common definitions, Hutus and Tutsis are the same people, which makes their violent history even more tragically incomprehensible to outsiders. Yet outsiders may be partly to blame. Differences between the communities were greatly emphasised by the European invaders of Rwanda and Burundi, first Germans then Belgians, as an instrument of colonial rule. Hutus and Tutsis have the same language; the same religion; the same culture. They have lived intermingled for centuries on the same land, in the most densely populated part of sub-Saharan Africa.

Why Is There Conflict Between Tutsis and Hutus?

The bloody history of Hutu and Tutsi conflict stained the 20th century, from the slaughter of 80, to , Hutus by the Tutsi army in Burundi in , to the Rwanda genocide. In just days during which Hutu militias targeted Tutsis, between , and 1 million people were killed. But many observers would be surprised to learn that the longstanding conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi has nothing to do with language or religion they speak the same Bantu tongues as well as French, and generally practice Christianity and many geneticists have been hard-pressed to find marked ethnic differences between the two, though the Tutsi have generally been noted to be taller. Many believe that German and Belgian colonizers tried to find differences between the Hutu and Tutsi in order to better categorize native peoples in their censuses. Generally, the Hutu-Tutsi strife stems from class warfare, with the Tutsis perceived to have greater wealth and social status as well as favoring cattle ranching over what is seen as the lower-class farming of the Hutus. These class differences started during the 19th century, were exacerbated by colonization, and exploded at the end of the 20th century. In Burundi, however, a Hutu uprising failed and the Tutsis controlled the country.

It was not until Belgian colonization that the tensions between the Hutus and Tutsis became focused on race, the Belgians propagating the myth that Tutsis were the superior ethnicity. The resulting tensions would eventually foster the slaughtering of Tutsis in the Rwandan genocide. Since then, government policy has changed to recognize one main ethnicity: "Rwandan". In comparison to the Hutu, the Tutsi have three times as much genetic influence from Nilo-Saharan populations However, the Tutsi have considerably more Nilo-Saharan paternal lineages Trombetta et al. There are no peer-reviewed genetic studies of the Tutsi's mtDNA or maternal lineages.

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