Menstrual cycle hormones and functions

Stages of the Menstrual Cycle

menstrual cycle hormones and functions

The menstrual cycle is regulated by the complex interaction of hormones: luteinizing If the egg is fertilized, the corpus luteum continues to function during early.

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The menstrual cycle is a process that uninseminated human women go through about every 28 days. During this time, the women's ovaries create a mature ovum egg. Then the woman's body prepares for pregnancy by thickening the walls of the uterus. If the woman does not become pregnant during this time, the egg and the lining of the uterus come out of the woman's body during menstruation. The menstrual cycle process is controlled by four major hormones : FSH follicle stimulating hormone ; LH luteinising hormone ; estrogen ; and progesterone. These hormones prepare the uterus to receive a fertilized egg and control its development. The menstrual cycle has three stages: the Follicular stage, Ovulation, and the Luteal or premenstrual stage.

Menstruation is the shedding of the lining of the uterus endometrium accompanied by bleeding. It occurs in approximately monthly cycles throughout a woman's reproductive life, except during pregnancy. Menstruation starts during puberty at menarche and stops permanently at menopause. By definition, the menstrual cycle begins with the first day of bleeding, which is counted as day 1. The cycle ends just before the next menstrual period. Menstrual cycles normally range from about 25 to 36 days. That is, they are longer or shorter than the normal range.

The female reproductive system is a wonderfully complex system involving continuous communication between the brain centers and the ovary. Hormones secreted by the hypothalamus, the pituitary and the ovary are the messengers that regulate the monthly cycle. The hypothalamus is located centrally in the brain and communicates by way of an exchange of blood with the pituitary gland. Several neuroendocrine agents, or hormones, are produced by the hypothalamus. The most important hormone for reproduction is called gonadotropin releasing hormone, better known as GnRH. It is released in a rhythmic fashion every 60 to minutes.

The menstrual cycle describes recurring changes that occur within the female reproductive system to make pregnancy possible. There are two key groups of hormones which control and coordinate the menstrual cycle:. Key Events in the Menstrual Cycle. There are four key events that comprise a typical menstrual cycle: follicular phase, ovulation, luteal phase and menstruation. Follicular Phase.



Menstrual Cycle

This series of hormone-driven events is called the menstrual cycle. - Menstruation describes the female period.

The menstrual cycle: more than just your period

NCBI Bookshelf. Endotext [Internet]. Menstruation is the cyclic, orderly sloughing of the uterine lining, in response to the interactions of hormones produced by the hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovaries. The menstrual cycle may be divided into two phases: 1 follicular or proliferative phase, and 2 the luteal or secretory phase. The length of a menstrual cycle is the number of days between the first day of menstrual bleeding of one cycle to the onset of menses of the next cycle. The median duration of a menstrual cycle is 28 days with most cycle lengths between 25 to 30 days

Clue is on a mission to help you understand your body, periods, ovulation, and so much more. Start tracking today. The menstrual cycle is more than just the period. In fact, the period is just the first phase of the cycle. The menstrual cycle is actually made up of two cycles that interact and overlap—one happening in the ovaries and one in the uterus.

Written by Moody. So what if we can harness them and use that knowledge as an asset? The great news is: we can. Being more closely in touch with our bodies can not only vastly improve our experience of our periods and lessen PMS, but also enable us to make the most of the different strengths and characteristics brought out by different hormone levels. Building a relationship with our cycle begins with understanding each of the different phases, the essence of which can be mapped out below, based on studies and research.

The menstrual cycle is a cycle of events that occurs in the womb uterus and ovaries of female mammals. -

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This article defines the menstrual cycle phases and hormones: menstruation, follicular phase, proliferative phase, ovulation, luteal phase.
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